A beginner’s guide to Latin America
Chris Moss shares his travel tips with the Telegraph
I lived through 10 Independence Day celebrations in Argentina and they never changed. There was a brief and polite military parade and some flag-waving, and instead of screams of passion – that’s reserved for football matches and for going to war with Britain – locals celebrated with a churro – a donut-like creation, oddly enough, from Spain.
Independencia is celebrated every year in Latin American countries, but this year the anniversary is more momentous, especially for the five countries that will be remembering not their declarations of independence but their gritos, or cries for freedom, from the shackles of Spain: Venezuela, Argentina, Colombia, Mexico and Chile. Two centuries ago this year all waged war with colonial forces and all, finally, succeeded in breaking up the confederation of viceroyalties and captaincies to become free nations after long and bloody battles.
As many travellers will know, the countries of the Latin America are related by language, culture, history and cuisine. There is greater homogeneity across Latin America than across any other continent. But there are also many differences, and 2010 is an opportunity to begin to explore the variety and colour of this vast, rich and beautiful part of the world. If you’re thinking of going for the first time, these brief tasters will help you decide where, when and how. If you have been before, perhaps it’s time to see a side of Latin America you have never really thought about. Paraguay, perhaps? Or Suriname? Buen viaje and felicitaciones, in the bicentennial year of so many great countries.
When to go
Summer in Central America stretches from December until about April. The rainy months are from May to October, with storms most likely in August and September.
South America is a year-round destination, with the austral spring and summer being the best time to visit cities such as Buenos Aires and Santiago. However, travel in Patagonia is more difficult from April until November, as temperatures fall and the chances of rain and snow increase exponentially. Conditions fluctuate widely according to altitude across Latin America.
Hotels fill up fast for the festivities at Easter, especially in Central America.
Iberia is the principal carrier for Spanish-speaking Latin America, with flights from London Heathrow to Madrid’s Barajas and then on to all the major cities.
British Airways flies direct to Mexico City and to Buenos Aires via São Paulo.
TAP flies to Lisbon, from where there are connections to many Brazilian cities on the coast as well as Manaus.
TAM flies from London to São Paulo.
Air Europa fly to Lima, Buenos Aires, Havana, Caracas, Salvador and Cancún via Madrid.
Mexicana flies Gatwick-Mexico City.
KLM, Air France and Lufthansa, fly to Latin America via their hubs in Amsterdam, Paris and Frankfurt.
LAN flies Madrid-Santiago non-stop.
It is expensive to travel close to Christmas and in the peak summer holiday period. Journey Latin America has a dedicated flights department and their expert consultants can advise you on prices and routings.
By Chris Moss, Guardian Journalist.
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Juliet Ellwood - Travel Expert
After graduating with a degree in Anthropology and History and having been fascinated by Latin America since childhood by the book featuring photos of Nazca, Juliet first visited the region in 2003. Since then, Juliet has visited the majority of countries in Latin America but has particularly extensive experience with Peru, a country she loves for many reasons but not least, its incredible archaeological richness and delicious food!
Paul Winrow-Giffin - Travel Expert
After graduating in Computer Science, Paul spent seven months travelling from Colombia to Argentina and came home hooked on Latin America.
Alex Walker - Travel Expert
A globetrotter since her childhood, Alex spent a year studying abroad in Guadalajara and has returned to Latin America countless times since then.
Lina Fuller - Travel Expert
Lina's passion for the continent where she was born really took off when she moved to Córdoba (Argentina) to study, spending the holidays travelling between Argentina and her native Colombia.
Mary Anne Nelson - Travel Expert
Born in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile, Mary’s insider knowledge and dry sense of humour make her a highly valued member of the Tailor-made Holidays and Group Tour sales team.
Ben Line - Travel Expert
Ben fell in love with Latin America on a six month backpacking trip from Colombia to Mexico in 1995. Since then he has explored most of South America, including living in Peru for a year. He is now Head of Sales.