Where to find penguins in South America
When you think of penguins the first thing you probably imagine is a group of comic birds waddling around on the ice in Antarctica. But South America is actually home to a number of different species and they can be spotted in various colonies up and down the continent, including as far north as the Galápagos Islands. Here's a list of what penguins you can see where:
1) Galápagos penguin
Endemic to the Galápagos Islands, this is the only penguin living north of the equator.
3) Magellanic penguin
Closely related to the Galápagos and Humboldt penguins, the Magellanic penguin breeds in coastal Argentina, Chile and the Falkland Islands and can be seen near Punta Arenas in Chile and Punto Tombo, Ushuaia and the Beagle Channel in Argentina. Though some have been seen as far north as Rio!
4) Macaroni penguin
Macaroni was a term used in the 18th century for persons who dressed and acted flamboyantly; so when English sailors came across a penguin with a bright yellow crest, they named it the macaroni penguin. These days they can be found in southern Chile, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the Antarctic Peninsula.
6) Chinstrap penguin
Its name derives from the black line which crosses its chin making it look as though it is wearing a hat. Easily identifiable, it can be seen in Antarctica, Argentina, Chile, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia.
7) Gentoo penguin
The breeding colonies of gentoo penguins are on ice-free surfaces and can travel quite far inland to nest. They can be seen on the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and in the Antarctic Peninsula.
Only found in Antarctica:
9) Adélie penguin
The Adélie penguin lives only along the Antarctic coast and are named after the wife of the French explorer who discovered these penguins in 1840.
10) Emperor penguin
The largest penguin on earth, the emperor penguin is endemic to Antarctica and will trek between 50 and 120km to breeding colonies during the Antarctic winter.
Take a look at these excursions and holidays to find out how you can see these penguins with Journey Latin America:
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Real Latin America Experts
Ben Line - Travel Consultant
Ben fell in love with Latin America on a six month backpacking trip from Colombia to Mexico in 1995. Since then he has explored most of South America, including living in Peru for a year. He is now Manager of the Tailor-made Department.
Sophie Barber - Travel Consultant
Sophie lived in Chile before joining us and has travelled extensively across Latin America, from Mexico to the furthest tip of Patagonia.
Paul Winrow-Giffin - Travel Consultant
After graduating in Computer Science, Paul spent seven months travelling from Colombia to Argentina and came home hooked on Latin America.
Evie Oswald - Travel Consultant
It’s hard to believe that Evie has had time to cram so much in to her life so far. Having lived as a child in the Americas and Europe she found herself immediately attracted to Latin America.
Carrie Gallagher - Travel Consultant
A former JLA tour leader, Carrie brings a wealth of on-the-ground experience to our London-based Escorted Groups team.
Kathryn Rhodes - Travel Consultant
Kathryn backpacked across Argentina, Chile, Bolivia and Peru before joining us. She has a degree in Philosophy and French and is a keen netball player.